Journal Information & Policies
Focus and Scope
PiHPh welcomes submissions from all areas of historical phonology, and actively seeks to bring together work from distinct linguistic subfields which may not normally communicate with one another. The definition of 'historical phonology' that PiHPh adopts is set out in the Preface to PiHPh, which was published in the first issue. This definition is broad, taking in all areas of linguistics which link the study of sound systems to the past in any way. It is concerned both with how and why the phonology of languages changes in diachrony, and with the reconstruction of past synchronic phonological states. It is also concerned with the patterns of contemporary variation in phonology, in order to understand how change is implemented. Historical phonology is thus an inherently inter(sub)disciplinary enterprise — no one approach can hope to understand it fully. We need to combine insights from theoretical phonology, phonetics, sociolinguistics, dialectology, philology, language acquisition, and, no doubt, other areas. We need to interact with the traditions of scholarship that have grown up around individual languages and language families, and with disciplines like history, sociology and palaeography.
The kinds of questions that PiHPh wants to ask therefore include at least the following:
- Which changes are possible in phonology?
- What is the precise patterning of particular changes in the history of specific languages?
- How do changes arise and spread through communities?
- Are there characteristics that phonological changes (or particular types of changes) always show?
- What counts as evidence for change, or for the reconstruction of previous stages of languages’ phonologies?
- What kinds of factors can motivate or constrain change?
- Are there factors which lead to stability in language, and militate against change?
- To what extent is phonological change independent of changes that occur at other levels of the grammar, such as morphology, syntax or semantics?
- What is the relationship between the study of completed phonological changes and of variation and change in progress?
- What is the relationship between phonological change and (first and second) language acquisition?
- What types of units and domains, at both segmental and prosodic levels, do we need in order to capture phonological change?
- How can the results of historical phonology inform phonological theorising?
- How does phonologisation proceed — how do non-phonological pressures come to be reflected in phonology?
- How can contact between speakers of different languages, or between speakers of distinct varieties of the same language, lead to phonological change, or to the creation of new phonological systems?
- How has historical phonology developed as an academic enterprise?
PiHPh has a vague link to the Edinburgh Symposium on Historical Phonology, but the two have fully separate existences. PiHPh welcomes written-up versions of papers presented at the ESoHPh and would normally expect to publish them, but this will not be automatic — the normal PiHPh editorial process will apply. On the other hand, submissions to PiHPh are also positively welcomed from outside of the ESoHPh cycle. PiHPh hopes that anyone interested in Historical Phonology will submit their ideas for publication, whether they have any interest in the ESoHPh or not.
Peer Review Process
Papers published in PiHPh are subject to peer review through both pre-publication scrutiny and post-publication review.
The pre-publication process involves members of the editorial and advisory boards evaluating submissions to check that they are on topic, meet standards of academic publication, and have the formatting that PiHPh requires. If problems can be rectified by minor edits, we may make these and send the file back to the author for checking (after which we would expect to publish the paper). If major issues are identified, the paper will receive a 'revise and resubmit' or 'reject' decision. The categories under which the latter two decisions may be made are (i) that a paper is conceptually fundamentally flawed, (ii) that the consideration of data is fundamentally flawed, (iii) that it does not have any originality, (iv) that there are major typographic problems, (v) that there are major proof-reading issues or major problems with clarity of expression, or (vi) that the paper does not address historical issues in any sense. PiHPh uses this checklist for the pre-publication evaluation process. As indicated there, we ask those undertaking the pre-publication evaluation to submit the first comment.
PiHPh's post-publication review is conducted on each paper's comments page. All readers are encouraged to post comments on this page (as are members of the editorial and advisory boards). Authors are also encouraged to reply to these comments, and the discussion after a paper's publication becomes an independently citable part of the publication. All comments are moderated, but only to ensure that they are on topic and not ad hominem. The guidelines for commenting are available here.
PiHPh's review process should thus ensure that publication is swift for papers which are not obviously unsound. We hope that post-publication commenting will allow readers and authors to discuss both positives and problems that are identified in papers.
Each yearly volume of PiHPh has only one issue (so we do not use the concept 'issue'). Pagination for each volume begins with the first paper of the year and continues through all papers published that year. Papers are published as soon as they are cleared for publication. Each year, at the end of December, a volume is declared finished and the Table of Contents for that volume is finalised.
Open Access Policy
We are committed to providing free and open access to the outputs of research. PiHPh is a fully open-access journal with no embargo period, no Article Processing Charges (APCs) and no article submission charges. As the author, you retain full copyright to your work and can freely deposit the final, published and formatted version elsewhere (including subject-specific repositories such as LingBuzz and your university’s institutional repository). You are also free to reuse your work in the future in whatever way you like (provided an acknowledgement is duly given to the fact that it was published in PiHPh).
Work in open access publications is typically published under a license, and we recommend the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, following the policies of research funders such as Research Councils UK and other open access journals such as Glossa and PLoS ONE. Under the terms of this license, you retain full ownership of your work, but give permission to anyone to view it, as well as reuse it for both commercial and non-commercial purposes whenever they like and however they choose — as long as due acknowledgement (including a reference to the original source) is given.
The CC BY license is commonly seen as superior to other methods of licensing research outputs for open access, including more restrictive licenses that prohibit commercial uses or the creation of derivative work. For a discussion of the relative merits of different licenses in the context of humanities research, see Chapter 3 of Martin Paul Eve’s Open Access and the Humanities, available (via open access!) here. Many people do not care what happens to their work once it has been published, as long as their authorship is acknowledged. This is what the CC BY license is geared towards and is what PiHPh recommends. However, if you do have concerns about what the CC BY license allows, PiHPh allows authors to choose a more restrictive Creative Commons license for their work. Please get in touch with the editorial team at email@example.com to discuss this.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 International) license that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
More information on Creative Commons here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
If you would like to use a different type of Creative Commons licence, contact the editors: firstname.lastname@example.org
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are also permitted to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process. (See The Effect of Open Access).
d. Authors are required to make sure submitted content does not infringe third-party copyright. Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any third-party material for online – and print, if applicable – publication in perpetuity. It is also the authors’ responsibility to include any acknowledgements requested by copyright holders, and to mark clearly third-party material used with permission, material that has separate licensing terms, and material used under exceptions or limitations to copyright.
It is not necessary to obtain permission to reuse articles published in this journal, provided that reuse is in line with the article’s Creative Commons licence and attribution to the author(s) and the published article is maintained. Please note that these terms do not extend to any material that has separate licensing terms specified or any material that is identified as being the copyright of a third party. Permission to reproduce third-party material must be obtained directly from the copyright holders concerned.
This journal uses the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More information about this is available here.
- Does PiHPh publish just anything?
No! We do pre-publication checking. As editors we expect to publish things that we disagree with, but not material that is obviously out of line with academic standards.
- What is the scope of PiHPh?
See our definition of historical phonology.
- How is PiHPh funded?
Hosting and technical support for PiHPh, and funding for obtaining DOIs, is provided by the University of Edinburgh Library. Otherwise, the journal runs on editors and authors volunteering their time towards editing, proofreading and typesetting. Authors are therefore expected to do more in terms of proofreading and typesetting than is normal in many other journals.
- Is cross-posting allowed? Can an author post the same work on sites such as LingBuzz?
Yes! Material published in PiHPh is released under a permissive open access license whereby you retain the copyright and the right to disseminate your work. In fact, we encourage you to post the final published version of your paper wherever you think it to be appropriate. Note, however, that we cannot make sure other outlets will be able to link to the comments on your PiHPh paper.
- Why doesn't PiHPh give download statistics?
Given that we encourage dissemination of PiHPh papers via other channels, our statistics would be fairly meaningless, as we hope that people will get hold of papers through a range of sources.
- Do we do special collections?
Not at the moment, but if you have an idea for one, get in touch!
- Do we do book reviews?
Not at the moment – we do not (yet?) receive review copies from publishers. You are welcome, however, to submit papers commenting on others' work.
Take Down Policy
This section explains what the Library will do if you believe content on the Edinburgh Open Journals platform infringes any person's rights, or applicable UK laws (policy as of September 2017).
Journals on the Edinburgh Open Journals platform are strongly encouraged to make every effort to ensure that published content does not infringe any person's rights, or applicable UK laws. Should you discover content in this journal that you believe to be illegal, or infringes any of your statutory rights, you may contact the Library who will review the complaint.
On receipt of your complaint, the Journal Hosting Service team will:
- Make an initial assessment of its validity
- Acknowledge receipt of the complaint by email
- For all but spurious complaints, cease access to the item that is subject to complaint
- Refer the complaint to the University's Legal Advisor for comment and advice
- Seek to verify your identity and authority as complainant.
When the Service Manager has verified the authenticity of your complaint and has been advised that it is ostensibly legitimate, the article will be removed from public access, leaving behind the article abstract. If the Legal Advisor confirms that it does not breach any law then the item will be reinstated.
These are the details for any contact under the take-down policy:
Journal Hosting Service
Library Learning Services (Library & University Collections)
Floor F East, Argyle House
Edinburgh Eh2 8SH
Please note the Library is staffed 9-5pm Monday-Friday.