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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (unless an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • Authors are required to ensure that submitted content does not infringe the copyright of any third party. Where permission to reproduce items (e.g. images) is required, this must be passed to the editors before the work can be published. Specific information is available from the Intellectual Property Office: http://www.ipo.gov.uk/types/copy.htm

  • The submission file is in OpenOffice/LibreOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF,  WordPerfect or LaTeX document file format.
  • Where available, URLs or DOI code for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which are found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • The file is encoded as UTF-8 or UTF-16 (Unicode).
  • Authors who make a submission to this journal must ensure they have read our Privacy and Consent Policy, and agree to its terms.

Author Guidelines

Submissions should comply with the bibliographic standards set out in the Chicago Manual of Style, as detailed by Kate Turabian (Chicago/Turabian, 16th edition); the Notes and Bibliography style is preferred, although the Author–Date convention is also acceptable where this is appropriate to the subject matter or the author's way of working. Other conventions will be accepted if a case can be made on the basis of the distinctiveness of the subject matter.

Example citations in the Chicago style can be found on their web-site: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

The use of bibliographic software (BibTex, Endnote) and hyper-referencing is encouraged, e.g. through the use of DOI locators. (Please submit a separate file with your references if you have used bibliographic software.)

Authors should submit their work in a commonly recognized word-processing or mark-up format (e.g. .rtf, .doc, .docx, .odt, .tex), along with a PDF version of their work that can serve as a guide to the editors. Please begin the file name with your surname, followed by your initial(s), then a keyword or two from your title and the date (YYYY-MM-DD), leaving no spaces:


Additional files in your submission should expand on this format, e.g.:





The use of images and other media is encouraged: these may be embedded in the initial submission but authors will also be asked to provide the pertinent files separately when the final version is submitted.

Formatting should be kept to the bare minimum necessary for clarity of expression. Use footnotes, not endnotes; quotations longer than four or five lines should be displayed (block-indented); use italics for emphasis, not bold (unless you really want to shout!); the use of “smart quotes” is fine (if the quote marks here are not displaying properly, then your system is not set to Unicode), but avoid superscript abbreviations such as 1st, 2nd, etc. Separate paragraphs with a blank line ("two returns"); it is not necessary to indent the first line of a new paragraph.

CJK characters should be given only on the first mention of a term, unless it is necessary to avoid ambiguity. Because of the complexity of encoding standards, it is essential that authors ensure that their text is saved in Unicode (UTF-8 or UTF-16; please avoid JIS and ShiftJIS, etc.). Information on Unicode may be consulted at the Unicode Consortium's web site. Unicode is the default encoding on Apple Mac and Linux computers and if not already implemented as standard on a Microsoft Windows system, can easily be set as the system-wide default.

CJK names should be given in the traditional order, i.e. family name first, followed by the given name and the CJK characters. However, when citing CJK authors and works, it is only necessary to give the CJK characters in the Bibliography/List of References. Please note that the University of Tokyo library database now places a comma between Japanese surnames and given names, in line with the Western convention.


Privacy Statement

The personal information entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

The University and this journal adhere to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which replaces the Data Protection Act 1998 in regulating how we collect, use, store and dispose of personal data.

Before you make a submission to this journal, please ensure you have read our Privacy and Consent Policy, and agree to its terms.

Updated May 2018