Time, memory and alterity in prehistoric lithic technology: Synthesis and perspectives of the French technogenetic approach

Louis De Weyer (Author)

Université Paris Nanterre

Antonio Pérez (Author)

Université Paris Nanterre

Rodolphe Hoguin (Author)

Université Paris Nanterre

Hubert Forestier (Author)

Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle

Eric Boëda (Author)

Université Paris Nanterre

Keywords:
technogenetic approach; psycho-social approach; prehistoric lithic technology; epistemology; technical memory; time; structure; technical object

Abstract


The technogenetic approach in the field of prehistoric lithic technology studies originated in the late 1980s. Traditional approaches, such as typology and production technology, have tended to approach prehistoric lithic objects through their socio-cultural and economic dimensions, without really considering the existence of a technogenesis prior to these contingencies. The apprehension of this technogenetic dimension in prehistory will call upon both the philosophy and the anthropology of techniques to lead to a double approach of the artefacts: a technogenetic approach of the lithic object according to the technical criteria of its genesis; and a psychosocial approach of the object according to the criteria proper to its artisanal production within a major technical system. The objective of this article is to identify two fundamental existences constituting the technical object, one internal (technogenetic) with technical lineages and the other external (psychosocial) with technical trajectories. The spatio-temporal distribution of prehistoric technical otherness on different continents has logically led to new questions, findings and new criteria of analysis. On this basis, our approach will aim to revisit the main conceptual axes of the foundations of the technological approach, to clarify old questions while developing new expertise. Through the application of key concepts such as time, memory and otherness, an overall methodology will also be discussed and will help proposing its epistemological line.

Author Biographies

Louis De Weyer, Université Paris Nanterre

ArScAn-Équipe AnTET, UMR 7041, CNRS
Université Paris Nanterre
21 Allée de l'Université
92000 Nanterre
France

Antonio Pérez, Université Paris Nanterre

ArScAn-Équipe AnTET, UMR 7041, CNRS
Université Paris Nanterre
21 Allée de l'Université
92000 Nanterre
France

Rodolphe Hoguin, Université Paris Nanterre

ArScAn-Équipe AnTET, UMR 7041, CNRS
Université Paris Nanterre
21 Allée de l'Université
92000 Nanterre
France

Instituto Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Básicas (ICB)
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones en Ciencias y Técnicas (CONICET)
Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (UNCuyo)
Mendoza
Argentina

Hubert Forestier, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle

Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle
UMR 7194 MNHN-CNRS-UPVD
Musée de l'Homme
17 place du Trocadéro
75116 Paris
France

Eric Boëda, Université Paris Nanterre

ArScAn-Équipe AnTET, UMR 7041, CNRS
Université Paris Nanterre
21 Allée de l'Université
92000 Nanterre
France

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Published
15-Mar-2022
How to Cite
De Weyer, L., Pérez, A., Hoguin, R., Forestier, H., & Boëda, E. (2022). Time, memory and alterity in prehistoric lithic technology: Synthesis and perspectives of the French technogenetic approach. Journal of Lithic Studies, 9(1), 46 p. https://doi.org/10.2218/jls.7020
Section
Research Articles