The New evidence for the Palaeolithic on the island of Gökçeada (Imbros), North Eastern Aegean

  • Burcin Erdogu Akdeniz University
  • Nejat Eyüp Yücel Istanbul University
  • Kerem Demir University of Pamukkale, Denizli
Keywords: Island of Gökçeada (Imbros), North Aegean, Lower Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Upper Palaeolithic

Abstract


Eksino, on the island of Gökçeada (Imbros) in the Northeast Aegean, is a new open-air site with evidence of Palaeolithic cultural remains. Stone tools collected by an initial survey have clarified an assessment of the site from the Lower Palaeolithic, and brought to light new evidence from the Middle Palaeolithic as well as transition to the Upper Palaeolithic. Eksino is probably one of the most significant Lower Palaeolithic tool collections in the North Aegean, and finds such as chopper or chopping tools and Acheulean bifacial handaxes from the site show that the North Aegean may be another possible dispersal route from hominids to Europe via the East and Northeast Mediterranean during the Lower Palaeolithic. Middle Palaeolithic finds are frequent in the site and finds resemble the typical Mousterian type which is characterized by discoidal cores, Levallois cores and flakes, scrapers, denticulates, notches and points. Upper Palaeolithic finds are rare in the site, and a bifacial leaf point and large crescent-shaped backed pieces made on blades may reveal the presence of the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition on the island. This new data from Palaeolithic Gökçeada is likely to fill key geographic gaps associated with the initial dispersal of hominins through the northeast Aegean islands.

Author Biographies

Burcin Erdogu, Akdeniz University

Department of Archaeology
Akdeniz University
07058 Kampus Antalya
Turkey

Nejat Eyüp Yücel, Istanbul University

PhD Candidate
Prehistory Section
Istanbul University
Laleli-Fatih
Istanbul
Turkey

Kerem Demir, University of Pamukkale, Denizli

Department of Archaeology
Pamukkale University
20070 Kınık Denizli
Turkey

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Published
19-Feb-2021
How to Cite
Erdogu, B., Yücel, N., & Demir, K. (2021). The New evidence for the Palaeolithic on the island of Gökçeada (Imbros), North Eastern Aegean. Journal of Lithic Studies, 8(1), 11 p. https://doi.org/10.2218/jls.5121
Section
Research Articles