LegioLit: Knappable material lithotheque in the Prehistory Laboratory at the University of León, Spain

  • Diego Herrero-Alonso University of Salamanca
  • M. Natividad Fuertes-Prieto Universidad de León
  • Esperanza Fernández-Martínez Universidad de León
  • Fernando Gómez-Fernández Universidad de León
  • Eduardo Alonso-Herrero Universidad de León
  • Ana M. Matero-Pellitero Universidad de León

Abstract


This work introduces a comparative collection specialised in knappable raw materials, mainly comprising radiolarite and black chert, from the western Cantabrian Mountains (north of Iberian Peninsula). A standardised protocol of sample collection and data organisation was developed, which includes the use of several methodologies. First, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for referencing lithic sources. Second, direct observation of the sample for the macroscopic characterization. Third, petrographic microscopy for a petrological, palaeontological and mineralogical characterization. Forth, X-Ray Fluorescence, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry and Thermogravimetry – Differential Scanning Calorimetry for geochemical and thermal features of the samples. Finally, the results of these analysis were entered in a database. All this information is contributing towards the creation of a physical reference collection specialised in local Palaeozoic formations that outcrop in the western Cantabrian Mountains, a region whose potential resource base was previously not very well known. This collection would allow to compare archaeological lithic remains from different sites inside and outside the Cantabrian Mountains.

Author Biographies

Diego Herrero-Alonso, University of Salamanca

Departamento de Prehistoria
Historia Antigua y Arqueología
Universidad de Salamanca
Spain

M. Natividad Fuertes-Prieto, Universidad de León

Área de Prehistoria
Universidad de León
Departamento de Historia
Facultad de Filosofía y Letras
Campus de Vegazana s/n
24071 León
Spain

Esperanza Fernández-Martínez, Universidad de León

Área de Paleontología
Universidad de León
Spain

Fernando Gómez-Fernández, Universidad de León

Área de Prospección e Investigación minera
Universidad de León
Spain

Eduardo Alonso-Herrero, Universidad de León

Área de Edafología y Química del Suelo
Universidad de León
Spain

Ana M. Matero-Pellitero, Universidad de León

Área de Prehistoria
Universidad de León
Departamento de Historia
Facultad de Filosofía y Letras
Campus de Vegazana s/n
24071 León
Spain

Published
25-Jan-2019
How to Cite
Herrero-Alonso, D., Fuertes-Prieto, M. N., Fernández-Martínez, E., Gómez-Fernández, F., Alonso-Herrero, E., & Matero-Pellitero, A. M. (2019). LegioLit: Knappable material lithotheque in the Prehistory Laboratory at the University of León, Spain. Journal of Lithic Studies, 5(2). Retrieved from http://journals.ed.ac.uk/lithicstudies/article/view/2926
Section
ISKM 2017 - Buenos Aires