Introduction. Leave no stone unturned: Perspectives on ground stone artefact research

  • Danny Rosenberg University of Haifa
  • Yorke Rowan University of Chicago
  • Tatjana Gluhak Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
Keywords: ground stone tools, food production, archaeology, anthropology, AGSTR


Ground stone tools served in many physical and social contexts through millennia, reflecting a wide variety of functions. Although ground stone tool studies were neglected for much of early archaeology, the last few decades witnessed a notable international uptick in the way archaeologists confront this multifaceted topic. Today, with the advance of archaeology as a discipline, research into ground stone artefacts is moving into a new phase that integrates high resolution documentation with new methodological, analytical techniques, and technological approaches. These open new vistas for an array of studies and wide-ranging interpretive endeavours related to understanding ground stone tool production and use. Inspired by these diverse analytical approaches and interpretive challenges, we founded the international Association for Ground Stone Tools Research (AGSTR) in order to promote dialogue and create an optimal, inclusive arena for scholars studying various aspects of ground stone artefacts. Scholars from around the globe met for a five day conference at the University of Haifa, for the first meeting of the newly founded AGSTR. This included the presentation of 47 papers and 17 posters. The current paper serves as an introduction to this special issue of JLS, devoted to the proceedings of the founding conference of the Association for Ground Stone Tool Research, held at the University of Haifa during July 2015.

Author Biographies

Danny Rosenberg, University of Haifa
Laboratory for Ground Stone Tools Research
Zinman Institute of Archaeology
University of Haifa
Yorke Rowan, University of Chicago
Oriental Institute
University of Chicago
Tatjana Gluhak, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
Institute for Geosciences
Team Geomaterials and Gemstone Research
Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz


Adams, J. L. 2002, Ground Stone Analysis: A Technological Approach. The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 320 p.
Adams, J. L. 2008, Beyond the broken. In: New Approaches to Old Stones. Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling, J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 213-229.
Adams, J. L. 2014, Ground stone use-wear analysis: A review of terminology and experimental methods. Journal of Archaeological Science, 48: 129-138. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2013.01.030
Adams, J. L. 2015, An experimental approach to answering the question - how did they do that? In: Las Capas Archaeology Project: Ground Stone and Maize Processing Experiments. Technical Report No. 2014-02 (Adams, J. L., Rychener, J. S., & Denoyer, A. J., Eds.), Desert Archeology, Inc., Tucson, AZ: p. 1-5.
Anderson, T. J., & Scarrow, J. H. 2011, Millstone quarries in southern Spain: preliminary pinpointing of provenance and production- exploiting the Internet. In: Bread for the People: The Archaeology of Mills and Milling. Proceedings of a colloquium held in the British School at Rome 4th- 7th November 2009 (Williams, D., & Peacock, D., Eds), Series in Archaeology Monographs Vol. 3, Archaeopress, Oxford: p. 259-275.
Antonelli, F., & Lazzarini, L. 2010, Mediterranean trade in the most widespread Roman volcanic millstone from Italy and petrochemical markers of their raw materials. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37: 2081-2092. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.008
Aranguren, B., Becattini, R., Lippi, M. M., & Revedin, A. 2007, Grinding flour in Upper Palaeolithic Europe (25,000 years bp). Antiquity, 81: 845-855. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00095946
Asryan, L., Ollé, A., & Moloney, N. 2014, Reality and confusion in the recognition of post-depositional alterations and use-wear: an experimental approach on basalt tools. Journal of Lithic Studies, 1(1): 9-32. doi:10.2218/jls.v1i1.815
Barton, H. 2007, Starch residues on museum artefacts: Implications for determining tool use. Journal of Archaeological Science, 34: 1752-1762. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.01.007
Basgall, M. E. 2008, Variation in the organization of prehistoric milling technologies of the Northern Mojave Desert, North America. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 196-212.
Baysal, A., & Wright, K. I. 2005, Cooking, crafts and curation: The ground stone artefacts from Çatalhöyük, 1995-1999. In: Çatalhöyük Research Project, Vol. 5. Changing Materialities at Çatalhöyük: Reports from the 1995-1999 Seasons (Hodder, I., Ed.), British Institute for Archaeology at Ankara Monograph Vol. 39, Monographs of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. University of Cambridge, British Institute for Archaeology at Ankara, Cambridge and London: p. 307-324.
Beaumont, P. B., & Bednarik, R. G. 2015, Concerning a cupule sequence on the edge of the Kalahari Desert in South Africa. Rock Art Research, 32(2): 163-177.
de Beaune, S. A, 2002. Origine du materiel de broyage au Paléolithique. In: Modure et Broyer II - Archéologie et Histoire (Procopiou, H. & Treuil, R.,Eds.), Le Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Paris: p. 27-44.
de Beaune, S. A. 2004, The invention of technology-prehistory and cognition. Current Anthropology, 45(2): 139-162. doi:10.1086/381045
Bekker, M., & Garfinkel, Y. 2016, Stone pedestalled vessels from Tel Tsaf, a Middle Chalcolithic site in the Central Jordan Valley, Israel. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 17-29 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1654
Beller, J. A., Greenfield, H. J., Shai, I., & Maeir, A. M. 2016, The life-history of basalt ground stone artefacts from early urban domestic contexts: A chronicle from the EB III of Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 31-555 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1675
Beven, A. 2007, Stone Vessels and Values in the Bronze Age Mediterranean. University College London, Institute of Archaeology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 310 p.
Biskowski, M. 2008, Maize-grinding tools in prehispanic central Mexico. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling, J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 144-159.
Bofill, M. 2012, Quantitative analysis of use-wear patterns: A functional approach to the study of grinding stones. Broadening Horizons, 3: 57-78.
Breglia, F., Caricola, I., & Larocca, F. 2016, Macrolithic tools for mining and primary processing of metal ores from the site of Grotta della Monaca (Calabria, Italy). Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 57-76 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1651
Buonasera, T. 2016, Lipid residues preserved in sheltered bedrock features at Gila Cliff dwellings National Monument, New Mexico. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 78-101 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1304
Campbell-Smith, W. 1965, The distribution of jade axes in Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 31: 25-33. doi:10.1017/S0079497X00014699
Cane, S. 1989, Australian aboriginal seed grinding and its archaeological record: A case study from the Western Desert. In: Foraging & Farming. The Evolution of Plant Exploitation (Harris, D. R. & Hillman, G. C., Eds.), One World Archaeology Vol. 13, Unwin Hyman, London: p. 99-119.
Carter, T. 2008, Beyond the Mohs scale: Raw material choice and the production of stone vases in a Late Minoan context. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 66-81.
Cohen Klonymus, H., & Bar, S. 2016, Ground stone tool assemblages at the end of the Chalcolithic period - A preliminary analysis of the Late Chalcolithic sites in the Fazael Valley. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 103-123 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1676
Cook, S. 1973, Stone tools for steel-age Mexicans? Aspects of production in a Zapotec stoneworking industry. American Anthropologist, 75: 1485-1503. doi:10.1525/aa.1973.75.5.02a00180
Cushing, F.H. 1920, Zuni Breadstuff. Heye Foundation Museum of the American Indian, New York, 712 p.
Delgado-Raack, S., Gómez-Gras, D., & Risch, R. 2009, The mechanical properties of macrolithic artifacts: A methodological background for functional analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36: 1823-1831. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2009.03.033
Delgado-Raack, S., & Risch, R. 2016, Bronze Age cereal processing in southern Iberia: A material approach to the production and use of grinding equipment. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 125-145 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1650
Duwe, S. 2016, Cupules and the creation of the Tewa world. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 147-168 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1500
Ebeling, J. R. 2002, Why are ground stone tools found in Middle and Late Bronze Age burials? Near Eastern Archaeology, 65(2): 149-151.
Ebeling, J. R., & Rosenberg, D. 2015, A basalt vessel workshop and its products at Iron Age Hazor, Israel. Journal of Field Archaeology, 40(6): 665-674. doi:10.1080/00934690.2015.1101941
Eitam, D. 2008, Plant food in the Late Natufian: The oblong conical mortar as a case study. Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society, 38: 133-151. URL:
Fullagar, R., & Field, J. 1997, Pleistocene seed-grinding implements from the Australian arid zone. Antiquity, 71: 300-307. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00084921
Fullagar, R., Field, J., & Kealhofer, L. 2008, Grinding stones and seeds of change starch and phytoliths as evidence of plant food processing. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 159-172.
Gebel, H. G. K. 1999, Flint “bowlets” from the LPPNB of Southern Jordan. Neo-Lithics, 2(99): 12-13. URL:
Gluhak, T. M., & Rosenberg, D. 2013, Geochemical discrimination of basaltic sources as a tool for provenance analyses of bifacial tools in the southern Levant: First results from the Jezreel Valley, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40: 1611-1622. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.11.003
Gluhak, T. M., Rosenberg, D., & Ebeling, J. R. 2016, Raw material variability as archaeological tools: Preliminary results from a geochemical study of the basalt vessel workshop at Iron Age Tel Hazor, Israel. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 169-189 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1677
Gluhak, T. M., & Schwall, C. 2015, Provenance analyses of the volcanic rock grinding stones from the Greek Colony of Selinunte, Sicily (Italy) - constraints and possibilities. Archaeometry, 57(2): 246-268. doi:10.1111/arcm.12086
Gopher, A., & Orrelle, E. 1995, The Ground Stone Assemblages of Munhata. Les Cahiers des Missions Archéologiques Françaises en Israël Vol. 7, Association Paléorient, Paris, 184 p.
Goren-Inbar, N., Sharon, Y., Melamed, Y., & Kislev, M. 2002, Nuts, nut cracking, and pitted stones at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99(4): 2455-2460. doi:10.1073/pnas.032570499
Gould, R. A. 1977, Ethnoarchaeology; or, Where do models come from? In: Stone Tools as Cultural Markers (Wright, R. V. S., Ed.), Prehistory and Material Culture Series Vol. 12, Humanities Press, New Jersey: p. 162-168.
Gould, R. A., Koster, D. A., & Sontz, A. H. L. 1971, The lithic assemblage of the Western Desert aborigines of Australia. American Antiquity, 36(2): 149-169. URL:
Graefe, J., Hamon, C., Lidström-Holmberg, C., Tsoraki, C., & Watts, S. 2009, Subsistence, social and ritual practices: Quern deposits in the Neolithic societies of Europe. In: Réalités archéologiques et histiriques des « Dépôts» de la Préhistoire à nos jours (Bonnardin, S., Hamon, C., Lauwers, M., & Quilliec, B., Eds.), XXIXe Rencontres Internationals d'Archéologie et d'Histoire d'Antibes, Éditions APDCA (Association pour la Promotion et la Diffusion des Connaissances Archéologiques), Antibes: p. 87-96.
Greener, A., & Ben-Yosef, E. 2016, The ground stone assemblage of a metal workers community: An unexplored dimension of Iron Age copper production at Timna. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 191-120 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1678
Groman-Yaroslavski, I., Rosenberg, D., Yeshurun, R., Kaufman, D., & Weinstein-Evron, M. 2016, The function of Early Natufian Grooved Basalt artifacts from el-Wad Terrace, Mount Carmel, Israel: Preliminary results of a use-wear analysis. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 221-242 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1508
Hamon, C. 2008, Functional analysis of stone grinding and polishing tools from the earliest Neolithic of North-Western Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35: 1502-1520. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.10.017
Hamon, C. 2016, Technology and function of grooved abraders in the early Neolithic of north-western Europe. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 243-259 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1649
Hamon, C., & Le Gall, V. 2013, Millet and sauce: The uses and functions of querns among the Minyanka (Mali). Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 32(1): 109-121. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2012.12.002
Hard, R. J., Mauldin, R. P., & Raymond, G. R. 1996, Mano size, stable carbon isotope ratios, and macrobotanical remains as multiple lines of evidence of maize dependence in the American Southwest. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 3(4): 253-318. doi:10.1007/BF02229401
Harrell, J. A., & Brown, V. M. 2008, Discovery of a Medieval Islamic industry for Steatite cooking vessels in Egypt's Eastern Desert. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 41-65.
Hayden, B., 1987. Past to present uses of stone tools in the Mayan Highlands. In: Lithic Studies Among the Contemporary Highland Maya (Hayden, B., Ed.), University of Arizona Press, Tucson: p. 160-234.
Hayden, B. 1998, Practical and prestige technologies: The evolution of material systems. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 5(1): 1-55. doi:10.1007/BF02428415
Ilan, D. 2016, The ground stone components of drills in the ancient Near East: Sockets, flywheels, cobble Weights, and drill bits. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 261-277 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1642
Jackson, T. L. 1991, Pounding a corn: Women’s production as social and economic focus. In: Engendering Archaeology (Gero, J. M., & Conkey, M. W., Eds.), Social Anthropology, Basil Blackwell, London: p. 301-325.
Jones, T. L. 1996, Mortars, pestles, and division of labor in prehistoric California: A view from Big Sur. American Antiquity, 61(2): 243-264. doi:10.2307/282420
Kraybill, N. 1977, Pre-agricultural tools for the preparation of foods in the Old World. In: Origins of Agriculture (Reed, C. A., Ed.), Mouton, Paris: p. 485-521.
Lang, E. 2016, “Maids at the Grindstone”: A comparative study of New Kingdom Egypt grain grinders. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 279-289 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1462
Larocca, F. 2016, Ground stone percussion tools from Maltese Islands. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 291-300 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1674
Larocca, F., & Breglia, F. 2016, Grooved stone tools from Calabria region (Italy). Archaeological evidences and research perspectives. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 301-312 p.. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1673
Larsson, L. 2011, The ritual use of axes. In: Stone Axe Studies III (Davis, V., & Edmond, M., Eds.), Oxbow Books, Oxford: p. 203-214.
Leakey, M.D. 1994, Introduction. In: Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 5, Excavations in Beds III and IV and the Masek Beds, 1968-1971 (Leakey, M. D., & Roe, D. A., Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: p. 15-129.
Levy, T. E., Bettilyon, M., & Burton, M. M. 2016, The Iron Age copper industrial complex: A preliminary study of the role of ground stone tools at Khirbat en-Nahas, Jordan. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 313-335 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1648
Liu, L., Bestel, S., Shi, J., Song, Y., & Chen, X. 2013, Paleolithic human exploitation of plant foods during the last glacial maximum in North China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(4): 5380-5385. doi:10.1073/pnas.1217864110
Luke, C. 2008, Carving luxury: Late Classic white stone vase traditions in Mesoamerica. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 298-319.
Mariotti Lippi, M., Foggi, B., Aranguren, B., Ronchitelli, A. & Revedin, A. 2015, Multistep food plant processing at Grotta Paglicci (Southern Italy) around 32,600 cal. BP. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(39): 12075-12080.‏ doi:10.1073/pnas.1505213112
McGuire, K., & Hildebrandt, W.R. 1994, The possibilities of woman and man: Gender and the California Milling Stone Horizon. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology, 16(1): 41-59. URL:
Mobley-Tanaka, J. L. 1997, Gender and ritual space during the Pithouse to Pueblo Transition: Subterranean mealing rooms in the North American Southwest. American Antiquity, 62(3): 437-448. doi:10.2307/282164
Morris, D. H. 1990, Changes in ground stone following the introduction of maize into the American Southwest. Journal of Anthropological Research, 46(2): 177-194. URL:
Nadel, D., & Rosenberg, D. 2010, New insights into Late Natufian bedrock features (mortars and cupmarks). Eurasian Prehistory, 7(1): 65-87.
Nadel, D., & Rosenberg, D. 2015, (Early) bedrock features. In: Archaeology of Food - An Encyclopaedia (Bescherer Metheny, K., & Beaudry, M. C., Eds.), Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Lanham, Maryland: p. 45-46.
Nadel, D., & Rosenberg, D. 2016, A grid-like incised pattern inside a Natufian bedrock mortar, Raqefet Cave, Israel. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 337-357 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1467
Öğüt, B. 2016, Plant use from the grinding stones' viewpoint - Phytolith analyses from Aeneolithic Monjukli Depe, Turkmenistan. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 359-377 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1509
Peacock, D. 2013, The Stone of Life: Querns, Mills and Flour Production in Europe Up to c. AD 500. Highfield Press, Southampton, 220 p.
Pedersen, P. N., Richter, T., & Arranz-Otaegui, A. 2016, Preliminary Analysis of the Late Natufian Ground stone from Shubayqa 1, Jordan. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 379-402 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1647
Perry, L. 2004, Starch analysis reveals the relationship between tool type and function: An example from the Orinoco Valley, of Venezuela. Journal of Archaeological Science, 31: 1069-1081. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2004.01.002
Philip, G., & Williams-Thorpe, O. 2001, The production and consumption of basalt artefact in the southern Levant during the 5th - 4th millennia BC: A geochemical and petrographic investigation. Archaeological Sciences, 97: 11-30.
Piperno, D. R., & Holst, I. 1998, The presence of starch grains on prehistoric stone tools from the humid Neotropics: Indications of early tuber use and agriculture in Panama. Journal of Archaeological Science, 25: 765-776. doi:10.1006/jasc.1997.0258
Piperno, D. R., Weiss, E., Holst, I. & Nadel, D. 2004, Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis. Nature, 430: 670-673. doi:10.1038/nature02734
Rassmann, P. M. 2008, Stones on stone: Assessing the use of handstones as tools to process stone artifacts as PPNB Baja in Southern Jordan. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 82-98.
Reich, R. 2015, Stone Scale-Weights of the Late Second Temple Period. Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem, 264 p.
Reniere, S., Dreesen, R., Fronteau, G., Gluhak, T., Goemaere, E., Hartoch, E., Picavet, P., & De Clercq, W. 2016, Querns and mills during Roman times at the northern frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, Northern France, Southern Netherlands, Western Germany): Unraveling geological and geographical provenances, a multidisciplinary research project. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 403-428 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1640
Revedin, A., Aranguren, B., Becattini, R., Longo, L., Marconi, E., Lippi, M. M., Skakun, N., Sinitsyn, A., Spiridonova, E., & Svoboda, J. 2010, Thirty thousand-year-old evidence of plant food processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(44): 18815-18819. doi:10.1073/pnas.1006993107
Revedin, A., Longo, L., Mariotti Lippi, M., Marconi, E., Ronchitelli, A., Svoboda, J., Anichini, E., Gennai, M., & Aranguren, B. 2015, New technologies for plant food processing in the Gravettian. Quaternary International, 359-360: 77-88. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2014.09.066
Risch, R. 2008, From production traces to social organization: towards an epistemology of functional analysis. In: “Prehistoric Technology” 40 Years Later: Functional Studies and the Russian Legacy (Longo, L., & Skakun, N., Eds.), Proceedings of the International Congress, Verona, BAR International Series Vol. 1783, Archaeopress, Oxford: p. 513-521.
Robitaille, J. 2016, The ground stone industry of the Mursi of Maki, Ethiopia: Ethnoarchaeological research on milling and crushing equipment techniques and Functions. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 429-456 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1680
Roosevelt, C. H. 2008, Stone alabastra in Western Anatolia. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 285-297.
Rosenberg, D. 2008, Serving meals making a home - The PPNA limestone vessel industry of the Southern Levant and its importance to the Neolithic Revolution. Paléorient, 34(1): 23-32. doi:10.3406/paleo.2008.5231
Rosenberg, D. 2013, Not ‘just another brick in the wall?’ The symbolism of groundstone tools in Natufian and Early Neolithic Levantine constructions. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 23(2): 185-201. doi:10.1017/S095977431300022X
Rosenberg, D., Agnon, M., & Kaufman, D. 2016, Conventions in fresh water fishing in the prehistoric southern Levant: The evidence from the study of Neolithic Beisamoun notched pebbles. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 457-478 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1639
Rosenberg, D., & Garfinkel, Y. 2014, The Groundstone Industry of Sha‘ar Hagolan - Stone Working at the Dawn of Pottery Production in the Southern Levant. The Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Israel Exploration Fund, Jerusalem, 336 p.
Rosenberg, D., & Gluhak, T. M. 2016, Trade me an axe? Interpretive challenges of the distribution and provenance of Neolithic basaltic bifacial tools in Israel. Antiquity, 90(349): 48-63. doi:10.15184/aqy.2015.191
Rosenberg, D., & Golani, A. 2012.,Groundstone tools of a ‘coppersmiths’ community - Understanding stone-related aspects of the Early Bronze Age site of Ashqelon Barnea. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 25(1): 27-51. doi:10.1558/jmea.v25i1.27
Rosenberg, D., & Nadel, D. 2014, The sounds of pounding: Boulder mortars and their significance to Natufian burial customs. Current Anthropology, 55(6): 784-812. doi:10.1086/679287
Rosenberg, D., Kaufman, D., Yeshurun, R., & Weinstein-Evron, M. 2012, The broken record: The Natufian groundstone assemblage from el-Wad Terrace (Mount Carmel, Israel) - Attributes and their interpretation. Journal of Eurasian Prehistory, 9(1-2): 93-128.
Rosenberg, D., Shimelmitz, R., & Nativ, A. 2008, Basalt bifacials production in the Southern Levant: A glance at the quarry and workshop site of Giv‛at Kipod, Israel. Antiquity, 82: 367-376. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00096861
Rowan, Y. M. 1998, Ancient Distribution and Deposition of Prestige Objects: Basalt Vessels during Late Prehistory in the Southern Levant. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Texas, Austin, 518 p.
Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling, J. R. 2008, Introduction: The potential of ground stone studies. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 1-15.
Rowan, Y. M., Levy, T., Alon, D., & Goren, Y. 2006, Gilat's ground stone assemblage: Stone fenestrated stands, bowls, platters and related artifacts. In: Archaeology, Anthropology and Cult (Levy, T., Ed.), Equinox, London: p. 575-684.
Schaub, R. T. 2008, Basalt bowls in EB IA tombs at Bab edh-Dhra': Production, placement and symbolism. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 277-284.
Schneider, J. S. 2002, Milling tool design, stone textures, and function. In: Moudre et Broyer I - L'interprétation Fonctionnelle de l'Outillage de Mouture et de Broyage dans la Préhistoire et l'Antiquité - Méthodes (Vol. 1) (Procopiou, H., & Treuil, E., Eds.), Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Paris: p. 31-53.
Schneider, J. S., & LaPorta, P. C. 2008, Geological constrains on ground stone production and consumption in the Southern Levant. In: New Approaches to Old Stones - Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts (Rowan, Y. M., & Ebeling J. R., Eds.), Equinox, London: p. 19-40.
Schneider, J. S., Tserendagva, Y., Hart, T. C., Rosen, A. M., & Spiro, A. 2016, Mongolian “Neolithic” and Early Bronze Age ground stone tools from the northern edge of the Gobi Desert. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 479-497 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1641
Searcy, M.T. 2011, The Life-Giving Stone Ethnoarchaeology of Maya Metates. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 192 p. doi:10.1111/blar.12093
Shimelmitz, R., & Rosenberg, D. 2016, The organization of basanite bifacial production in Giv’at Kipod quarry, Israel: Towards an ‘Alyawara Day' model of extraction. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 499-521 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1643
Sparks, R. T. 2007, Stone Vessels in the Levant. Palestine Exploration Fund Annual Vol. 8, Maney Publishing, Leeds, 488 p.
Spivak, P., & Nadel, D. 2016, The use of stone at Ohalo II, a 23,000 year old site in the Jordan Valley, Israel. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 523-552 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1646
Squitieri, A., & Eitam, D. 2016, An experimental approach to ground stone tool manufacture. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 553-564 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1681
Stocks, D. A. 2003, Experiments in Egyptian Archaeology Stoneworking Technology in Ancient Egypt. Routledge, New York, 296 p.
Stroulia, A. 2010, Flexible Stones: Ground Stone Tools from Franchthi Cave. Fascicle 14. Bloomington, Indiana, 242 p.
Takaoǧlu, T. 2006, Ground stone grooved hammers from Coşkuntepe. In: Kültürlerin Yansimasi / Studies in Honor of Hayat Erkanal Cultural Reflections (Avunç, B., Ed.), Homer Kitabevi, Istanbul: p. 705-707.
Thiébaux, A., Feller, M., Duchêne, B., & Goemaere, E. 2016, Roman whetstone production in northern Gaul (Belgium and northern France). Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 565-587 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1672
Truncer, J. 2006, Taking variation seriously: The case of steatite vessel manufacture. American Antiquity, 71(1): 157-163. doi:10.2307/40035326
Tsoraki, C. 2011, Disentangling Neolithic networks. Ground stone technology, material engagements and networks of action. In: Tracing Prehistoric Social Network through Technology. A Diachronic Perspective on the Aegean (Brysbaert, A., Ed.), Routledge, New York: p. 12-29.
Usacheva, I. 2016, Transverse grooved artefacts from Southwestern Asia and Northern Eurasia: Common traits and the reconstruction of function. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3): 589-606 p. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1653
Valla, F. R., 2012, Le matériel en pierre. In: Les Fouilles de la Terrasse d’Hayonim (Israël) 1980-1981 et 1985-1989 (Valla, F. R., Ed.), Mémoires et Travaux du Centre de Recherche Français à Jerusalem Vol. 10. De Boccard, Paris: p. 299-320.
Vardi, J. 2015, Larnite-bearing rock - The discovery of a new source of raw material in the production of Neolithic and Chalcolithic bifacial tools. Archaeometry, 57: 20-35. doi:10.1111/arcm.12131
Verbaas, A., & van Gijn, A. 2008, Querns and other hard stone tools from Geleen-Janskamperveld. In: Excavations at Geleen-Janskamperveld 1990/1991 (van de Velde, P., Ed.), Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia Vol. 39, Publication of the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, Leiden: p. 191-204.
Veth, P., Fullagar, R., & Gould, R. 1997, Residue and use-wear analysis of grinding implements from Puntutjarpa Rockshelter in the Western Desert: Current and proposed research. Australian Archaeology, 44: 23-25. doi:10.1080/03122417.1997.11681590
Warren, P. 1969, Minoan Stone Vases. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 280 p.
Watts, B. G., Bennet, M. E., Kopp, O. C., & Mattingly, G. L. 2004, Geochemistry and petrography of basalt grinding stones from the Karak Plateau, Central Jordan. Geoarchaeology, 19(1): 47-69. doi:10.1002/gea.10103
Williams-Thorpe, O. 1988, Provenancing and archaeology of Roman millstones from the Mediterranean area. Journal of Archaeological Science, 15: 253-305. doi:10.1016/0305-4403(88)90066-0
Woodbury, R. B. 1954, Prehistoric Stone Implements of Northeastern Arizona. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 34, Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 234 p.
Wright, K. 1991, The origins and development of ground stone assemblages in Late Pleistocene Southwest Asia. Paléorient, 17(1): 19-45. doi:10.3406/paleo.1991.4537
Wright, K. 1993, Early Holocene ground stone assemblages in the Levant. Levant, 25: 93-111. doi:10.1179/lev.1993.25.1.93
Wright, K. I. 1994, Ground-stone tools and hunter-gatherer subsistence in southwest Asia: Implications for the transition to farming. American Antiquity, 59(2): 238-263. doi:10.2307/281929
Wright, K. I. 2000, The social origins of cooking and dining in early village of Western Asia. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 66: 89-121. doi:10.1017/S0079497X0000178X
Wright, K. I. 2014, Domestication and inequality? Household, corporate groups and food processing tools at Neolithic Çatalhöyük. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 33: 1-33. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2013.09.007
Yohe II, R. M., Newman, M. E., & Schneider, J. S. 1991, Immunological identification of small-mammal proteins on aboriginal milling equipment. American Antiquity, 56(4): 659-666. doi:10.2307/281543
How to Cite
Rosenberg, D., Rowan, Y., & Gluhak, T. (2016). Introduction. Leave no stone unturned: Perspectives on ground stone artefact research. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(3), 1-15.
Presented at the 1st Meeting of the Association for Ground Stone Tools Research