Clovis intentional bifacial overshot flaking: Two replica examples
Understanding flaking technologies has become an important aspect for flaked stone analyses and interpretations. Experiments are increasingly being used to investigate aspects of technology. One of these aspects is the existence of a technique known as overshot flaking. While most researchers recognize that it happened some assert that it was an intentional technique unique to Solutrean and Clovis archaeological cultures. Others have disputed this assertion and have concluded that it was not a useful technique and therefore unintentional. This small study experimentally examines two reduction sequences that employed intentional overshot flaking and evaluates its usefulness. The conclusion is that it is a useful technique, for a number of reasons, and that it was intentionally employed in some past biface production strategies.
Boldurian, A. & Cotter, J. 1999, Clovis Revisited: New Perspectives on Paleoindian Adaptations from Blackwater Draw, New Mexico. University Museum Monograph Vol. 103. The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 145 p.
Bradley, B. 1982, Lithic technology. In: The Agate Basin site: A record of the Paleoindian occupation of the northwestern High Plains (Frison, G.C. & Stanford, D.J., Eds.), Studies in archaeology, Academic Press, London: p. 181-212.
Bradley, B.A., Collins, M.B. & Hemmings, A.H. 2010, Clovis Technology. Archaeological Series Vol. 17. International Monographs in Prehistory, Ann Arbor, MI, 220 p.
Collins, M. 2002, The Gault Site, Texas, and Clovis Research. Athena Review, 3(2): 24-36.
Eren, M.I., Patten, R.J., O'Brien, M.J. & Meltzer, D.J. 2013, Refuting the technological cornerstone of the Ice-Age Atlantic crossing hypothesis. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(7): 2934-2941. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2013.02.031
Eren, M.I., Vanderlaan, S. & Holland, J.D. 2011, Overshot Flaking at the Arc Site, Genesee County, New York: Examining the Clovis-Gainey Connection. The Open Anthropology Journal, 4(1): 40-52. doi:10.2174/1874912701104010040
Frison, G. & Bradley, B. 1999, The Fenn Cache: Clovis Weapons & Tools. One Horse Land and Cattle Company, Santa Fe, 111 p.
Hester, J.J. 1972, Blackwater Locality No 1: A Stratified, Early Man Site in Eastern New Mexico. Publication of the Fort Burgwin Research Center Vol. 8. Fort Burgwin Resaearch Center, Southern Methodist University, Ranchos de Taos, NM., 238 p.
Lohse, J.C. 2010, Evidence for Learning and Skill Transmission in Clovis Blade Production and Core Maintenance. In: Clovis Technology (Bradley, B.A., Collins, M.B. & Hemmings, A.H., Eds.), Archaeological Series Vol. 17, International Monographs in Prehistory, Ann Arbor, MI: p. 157-176.
Sinclair, A. 1995, The technique as a symbol in Late Glacial Europe. World Archaeology, 27(1): 50-62. doi:10.1080/00438243.1995.9980292
Smith, P.E.L. 1966, Le Solutréen en France. Imprimeries Delmas, Bordeaux, 449 p.
Stanford, D.J. & Bradley, B.A. 2012, Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America’s Clovis Culture. University of California Press, Berkeley, 336 p.
Waters, M.R. & Jennings, T.A. 2015, The Hogeye Clovis Cache. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, 156 p.
This is an Open Access journal. All material is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence, unless otherwise stated.
Please read our Open Access, Copyright and Permissions policies for more information.