Bilingual Research Article Template (Primary = English)

  • Otis Crandell Journal of Lithic Studies


MS Word template file for articles with bilingual titles and captions, and an extended abstract in the second language.

This template can be used for the following types of articles.

Research articles
Research articles should present original research on completed projects or significant discoveries and must present clear conclusions.
Word limit: 6000 words

Short reports
Short reports should present project descriptions. They may be either general reports on completed projects or significant updates for on-going projects. They do not necessarily need to present conclusions or conclusions could be preliminary.
Word limit: 1000 words

Methodology demonstrations
These articles should explain a new or modified methodology tested by the authors. Authors are encouraged to use a variety of media types (e.g. video, screen shot images, 3D images) in addition to a short written text. Methodology demonstrations do not necessarily need to present conclusions but opinions on the method including its benefits as well as short-comings should be discussed.
Word limit: 2000 words 

Summary, synthesis, and annotated bibliography articles
These articles present an overview of a particular topic or sub-field with a connection to lithics research. This may be lithics research in a particular country or region. It may also be a historical overview of a topic (e.g. historical perspective of a prehistoric technology, or historical overview of a particular theory), or it may be a summary of knowledge about a lithic material itself or a scientific method. In general, these articles should include an overview of the history of the topic (e.g. history of lithics research in the region) as well as an overview of the current research being done on the topic. They should contain a large bibliography so that readers can use the articles as a starting point for finding references. The author should indicate recommended references.
Recommended word limit: 4000 words.


General description.

The following are the general modifications for English articles with a secondary language. The main difference is that there is an extended abstract in the secondary language (in addition to the regular abstract in English) which is longer than normal. The main purpose of these articles is to help disseminate research in the area in which it was conducted. The extended abstracts help readers determine the content of the article if they have limited English reading skills. 

Bilingual articles:
1. Articles have an extended abstract in the secondary language (see below).
2. The title is translated into the secondary language.
3. Keywords are in both languages.
4. For articles using non-Latin alphabets (e.g. Cyrillic, Arabic, Chinese), Romanisations of the author’s names and contact information are used in the primary front page, but appear in their original alphabet along with the secondary language title and abstract.
5. Figure and table captions appear in both English and the secondary language. Figures which contain English text which would be different in the secondary language (e.g. place names or object labels) will have either an explanation or translation in the translated caption, or will provide a glossary at the end of the article. Alternatively, text on the figure may be in both languages if it does not detract from the image.
6. As in regular articles, bibliographic references which are not in English will include a translation of the title into English. They may also have a second translation of the title into the secondary language of the article. Additionally, references which are in English will include a translation of the title into the secondary language of this article. 

Extended abstracts:
7. 500-1000 words.
8. Follow the same format as the article but have no headings.
9. Must mention methodology, overview of results, and conclusions.
10. Appear at the end of the article (along with the secondary language title and keywords).

How to Cite
Crandell, O. (2016). Bilingual Research Article Template (Primary = English). Journal of Lithic Studies.
Instructions, templates, & downloads for authors