Neolithic and Chalcolithic stone tools used in ceramics production: Examples from the south of Romania

  • Otis Crandell Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
  • Corina Ionescu Babeș-Bolyai University
  • Pavel Mirea Muzeul Judetean Teleorman
Keywords: ceramics, stone tools, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Lower Danube, Romania

Abstract


This paper focuses on Neolithic and Chalcolithic stone tools found at the Măgura ‘Buduiasca’ and Vităneşti ‘Măgurice’ sites in southern Romania, which might been involved in the chaîne opératoire of ceramic pottery production. To better understand how ceramic objects were made during this period, it is important to know what tools were available. Representative artefacts were selected from the sites and have here been grouped based on their possible involvement in various stages of pottery production: a) quarrying of the raw claystone (picks); b) processing the raw materials (mortars and pestles); and c) surface finishing (smoothers, burnishers, polishers). The surface of the tools was examined by non-destructive methods (handheld loupe, stereomicroscope) with the aim of further determining their function and whether they were likely used in the ceramics industry.

This study provides examples of specific Neolithic and Chalcolithic stone tool types and illustrates characteristics useful for identifying their use. It also shows the possible chaîne opératoire of pottery produced during the Neolithic and Chalcolithic in the area of southern Romania.

It is considered that most of these tools categories, and likely most of the individual tools themselves, had multiple uses, or similar uses with different materials in different industries. It is therefore difficult to determine with much certainty whether they were only used within the ceramics industry.  

Author Biographies

Otis Crandell, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
Geology Department
Corina Ionescu, Babeș-Bolyai University

Babeș-Bolyai University
Geology Department
Cluj-Napoca
Romania

Archeotechnologies & Archeological Material Sciences Laboratory
Institute of International Relations, History and Oriental Studies
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University
Tatarstan
Russia

Pavel Mirea, Muzeul Judetean Teleorman

Muzeul Judetean Teleorman
str. 1848, nr.1, 140033
Alexandria, jud. Teleorman
Romania

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Published
15-Sep-2016
How to Cite
Crandell, O., Ionescu, C., & Mirea, P. (2016). Neolithic and Chalcolithic stone tools used in ceramics production: Examples from the south of Romania. Journal of Lithic Studies, 3(1), 241-258. https://doi.org/10.2218/jls.v3i1.1134
Section
Reports