The The Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity Participation Among People Living with Type 2 Diabetes

A Mixed Method Systematic Review Protocol

  • Ozge Olbeci Bangor University
  • Aycan Celik King’s College London
  • Russell Jone Bangor University
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, T2DM, physical activity, exercise, barriers, facilitators


Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is among the leading causes of serious mortality and health burden globally. Exercise is one of the commonly suggested preventions/ interventions for T2DM. However, many adults with T2DM are not achieving the recommended levels of physical activity. The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the barriers and facilitators to physical activity among people living with type 2 diabetes.

Methods/Design: This review will be undertaken using the Preferred Reporting Items and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). The database search will be performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, and Web of Science. Studies included will report primary data (qualitative and quantitative) on people with T2DM (18 and over years of age). The review will be limited in English published between 2009 and 2020. A study design describing reasons for barriers, facilitators or both of physical activity among people with T2DM will be included. The risk of bias will be evaluated with Mixed-Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT). Data synthesis will be conducted with narrative synthesis for quantitative studies, and thematic synthesis for qualitative studies followed by a mix-method synthesis to combine the previous synthesis.

Discussion: This review will provide evidence for better understanding the facilitators and barriers to physical activity among people with T2DM. This information will also guide future research and support the development of the intervention to expand and increase facilitator factors determined by people with T2DM.    

Study Protocols