Papers in Historical Phonology http://journals.ed.ac.uk/pihph <p>Papers in Historical Phonology (‘PiHPh’) aims to provide a high-profile, speedy, permanent and fully open-access place for the publication of interesting ideas from any area of Historical Phonology. PiHPh is online only and there is no charge of any kind to publish in it. There is one volume of PiHPh per year, and papers are added to it as soon as they are cleared for publication.</p> en-US <p><img src="//i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"> <br> This is an Open Access journal. All material is licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)</a> licence, unless otherwise stated.<br>Please read our <a href="/pihph/about/policies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access, Copyright and Permissions policies</a> for more information.</p> patrick.honeybone@ed.ac.uk (Patrick Honeybone) pavel.iosad@ed.ac.uk (Pavel Iosad) Fri, 23 Feb 2018 04:26:37 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Aspiration in Basque http://journals.ed.ac.uk/pihph/article/view/2602 <p>The distribution of aspiration in Basque — with ‘aspiration’ referring to both the occurrence of [h] and of aspirated stops — shows some puzzling aspects. In some words, aspiration is ancient, in the sense that it must be assumed for the earliest reconstructable stage. In some other instances, however, it has arisen seemingly <em>ex nihilo</em>, as can be observed in borrowings from Latin and Romance, e.g. Latin/Romance <em>īra</em> &gt; Basque <em>hira</em> ‘ire’, Romance <em>taula</em> &gt; Basque <em>thaula</em> ‘board’. Most surprisingly, in some words aspiration has developed after a sonorant consonant, e.g. Romance <em>solatz</em> &gt; Basque <em>solhas</em> ‘conversation’. Aspiration may also continue intervocalic /n/, e.g. Latin <em>anāte</em> &gt; Basque <em>ahate</em> ‘duck’. Another unusual development is the phonologization of the contrast between aspirated and unaspirated voiceless stops triggered by a shift of the stress in some words without affecting the properties of consonants. Finally, an interdialectal alternation /k-/ ~ /g-/ ~ /h-/ ~ Ø in demonstratives and related adverbs appears to have involved fortition, contrary to initial expectations. Here we describe the environments in which aspiration is found in Basque and discuss the most likely historical developments that could have given rise to the state of affairs that we find, paying particular attention to what would appear to be unusual or unnatural sound changes. We build on prior scholarship, but this paper also contains some new hypotheses, especially regarding the aspiration in words like <em>ahate</em> ‘duck’.&nbsp; We have also tried to contribute to the dating of the different processes and to the understanding of in their causes.</p> José Ignacio Hualde ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journals.ed.ac.uk/pihph/article/view/2602 Fri, 23 Feb 2018 04:22:26 +0000