Fluid formulations

A study of varied interpretations of Madhesi identity

  • Darshan Karki University of Zurich
Keywords: Madhesi, Nepal, identity, othering


This paper is an examination of the ways in which the residents and political actors of the Tarāi-Madhes (lowlands) in Nepal construct and contest Madhesi identity. It juxtaposes interpretations of Madhesi along geographic, linguistic, ethnic, and religious lines, with the experiential aspect of “being a Madhesi.” The paper demonstrates how Madhesi evolved into a politically charged, emotion-laden identity category, and argues that the experience of being othered is central to the construction and reification of Madhesi identity.

How to Cite
Karki, D. (2022). Fluid formulations. HIMALAYA - The Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies, 41(2), 85-106. https://doi.org/10.2218/himalaya.2022.6957
Research Articles