Notch receptors (version 2019.4) in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology Database
The canonical Notch signalling pathway has four type I transmembrane Notch receptors (Notch1-4) and five ligands (DLL1, 2 and 3, and Jagged 1-2). Each member of this highly conserved receptor family plays a unique role in cell-fate determination during embryogenesis, differentiation, tissue patterning, proliferation and cell death . As the Notch ligands are also membrane bound, cells have to be in close proximity for receptor-ligand interactions to occur. Cleavage of the intracellular domain (ICD) of activated Notch receptors by γ-secretase is required for downstream signalling and Notch-induced transcriptional modulation [15, 3, 11, 22]. This is why γ-secretase inhibitors can be used to downregulate Notch signalling and explains their anti-cancer action. One such small molecule is RO4929097 , although development of this compound has been terminated following an unsuccessful Phase II single agent clinical trial in metastatic colorectal cancer .
Aberrant Notch signalling is implicated in a number of human cancers [12, 20, 6, 16], with demcizumab and tarextumab identified as antibody inhibitors of ligand:receptor binding .
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