Leukotriene receptors (version 2019.4) in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology Database


The leukotriene receptors (nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR subcommittee on Leukotriene Receptors [31, 34]) are activated by the endogenous ligands leukotrienes (LT), synthesized from lipoxygenase metabolism of arachidonic acid. The human BLT1 receptor is the high affinity LTB4 receptor whereas the BLT2 receptor in addition to being a low-affinity LTB4 receptor also binds several other lipoxygenase-products, such as 12S-HETE, 12S-HPETE, 15S-HETE, and the thromboxane synthase product 12-hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid. The BLT receptors mediate chemotaxis and immunomodulation in several leukocyte populations and are in addition expressed on non-myeloid cells, such as vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells. In addition to BLT receptors, LTB4 has been reported to bind to the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) α [189] and the vanilloid TRPV1 ligand-gated nonselective cation channel [210]. The receptors for the cysteinyl-leukotrienes (i.e. LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4) are termed CysLT1 and CysLT2 and exhibit distinct expression patterns in human tissues, mediating for example smooth muscle cell contraction, regulation of vascular permeability, and leukocyte activation. There is also evidence in the literature for additional CysLT receptor subtypes, derived from functional in vitro studies, radioligand binding and in mice lacking both CysLT1 and CysLT2 receptors [34]. Cysteinyl-leukotrienes have also been suggested to signal through the P2Y12 receptor [91, 236, 265], GPR17 [53] and GPR99 [161].
How to Cite
Bäck, M., Brink, C., Chiang, N., Dahlén, S.-E., Dent, G., Drazen, J., Evans, J. F., Hay, D. W. P., Nakamura, M., Powell, W., Rokach, J., Rovati, G. E., Serhan, C. N., Shimizu, T. and Yokomizo, T. (2019) “Leukotriene receptors (version 2019.4) in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology Database”, IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology CITE, 2019(4). doi: 10.2218/gtopdb/F35/2019.4.