Free fatty acid receptors (version 2019.4) in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology Database
Free fatty acid receptors (FFA, nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on free fatty acid receptors [111, 24]) are activated by free fatty acids. Long-chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (including C14.0 (myristic acid), C16:0 (palmitic acid), C18:1 (oleic acid), C18:2 (linoleic acid), C18:3, (α-linolenic acid), C20:4 (arachidonic acid), C20:5,n-3 (EPA) and C22:6,n-3 (docosahexaenoic acid)) activate FFA1 [8, 50, 60] and FFA4 receptors [41, 48, 90], while short chain fatty acids (C2 (acetic acid), C3 (propanoic acid), C4 (butyric acid) and C5 (pentanoic acid)) activate FFA2 [9, 62, 86] and FFA3 [9, 62] receptors. The crystal structure for agonist bound FFA1 has been described .
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