Bombesin receptors (version 2019.4) in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology Database
Mammalian bombesin (Bn) receptors comprise 3 subtypes: BB1, BB2, BB3 (nomenclature recommended by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on bombesin receptors, ). BB1 and BB2 are activated by the endogenous ligands gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), neuromedin B (NMB) and GRP-(18-27). bombesin is a tetradecapeptide, originally derived from amphibians. The three Bn receptor subtypes couple primarily to the Gq/11 and G12/13 family of G proteins . Each of these receptors is widely distributed in the CNS and peripheral tissues [73, 109, 236, 265, 226, 348]. Activation of BB1 and BB2 receptors causes a wide range of physiological/pathophysiogical actions, including the stimulation of normal and neoplastic tissue growth, smooth-muscle contraction, feeding behavior, secretion and many central nervous system effects including regulation of circadian rhythm and mediation of pruritus [112, 113, 109, 115, 116, 155, 189, 236]. A physiological role for the BB3 receptor has yet to be fully defined although recently studies suggest an important role in glucose and insulin regulation, metabolic homeostasis, feeding, regulation of body temperature, obesity, diabetes mellitus and growth of normal/neoplastic tissues [73, 157, 203, 332].
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