IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology CITE

1H. Liver X receptor-like receptors (version 2019.4) in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology Database

Donald P. McDonnell1 and Rachid Safi1
  1. Duke University, USA


Liver X and farnesoid X receptors (LXR and FXR, nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on Nuclear Hormone Receptors [68]) are members of a steroid analogue-activated nuclear receptor subfamily, which form heterodimers with members of the retinoid X receptor family. Endogenous ligands for LXRs include hydroxycholesterols (OHC), while FXRs appear to be activated by bile acids. In humans and primates, NR1H5P is a pseudogene. However, in other mammals, it encodes a functional nuclear hormone receptor that appears to be involved in cholesterol biosynthesis [71].


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1H. Liver X receptor-like receptors
Introduction to 1H. Liver X receptor-like receptors
            Farnesoid X receptor
            Farnesoid X receptor-β
            Liver X receptor-α
            Liver X receptor-β


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